For my last movie response for Survey of Animation, I watched the movie Who Framed Roger Rabbit. This film was produced in 1988, by Frank Marshall and Robert Watts. Directed by Robert Zemeckis, this film combines live action with animation.
Who Framed Roger Rabbit is based on a novel by the name of Who Censored Roger Rabbit. In 1981, Walt Disney Productions bought the rights to this story. During production, Steven Spielberg was brought into help write the script. With his help, companies such as Warner Bros., Universal Pictures and Paramount Pictures gave permission for their characters to be used in this film.
This film implemented live action with cartoon animation. The live action scenes were shot as normal, with Vista Vision cameras and later had animations imposed. When actors interacted with the toons, mannequins were used in their places. The “toon” animations were created with a three layer process to give them the illusion of being 3D and to match the lighting of the film. This film also inspired future films, such as Space Jam, and Looney Tunes: Back in Action. This film was different from the animated films of this time. Most films were directed towards children, such as The Little Mermaid and Oliver and Company, while Who Framed Roger Rabbit was directed more towards adults.
All in all, the film Who Framed Roger Rabbit incorporated many new techniques that inspired future films and is considered a classic film. Its unique style was different for its time and makes it a one of a kind film.